International relations is teeming with material relevant to national security,
International relations is teeming with material relevant to national security, including: environmental issues, refugees and forced migration, terrorism, global trade and global finance, human rights and security, poverty, development, etc. Using a mix of course material and outside sources, I want you to choose a specific current event and apply IR theory to explain the issue. The only topic not available for discussion is the Russian-Ukraine conflict. Though, you could focus on particular issues within that conflict like refugees, environmental destruction, economic sanctions etc. Use at least two theoretical perspectives (one you intend to use, and one that could be an alternative explanation, but falls short). Be sure to cogently and precisely identify the theories, its assumptions, and implications. Then, apply that dominant theory to the issue of your choosing. Remember, if that dominant theory does not map completely that is not a problem. You still need to identify where and why the theory may fall short and what could possible be done to improve its explanatory power. You do not need to read all these articles below, you will only need to read the articles that are labeled on the IR theories of your choosing. these articles provided are course material which you will need to incorporate into the paper. Please be concise and no grammatical errors, please make sure the paper flows together and not all over the place. You can find all of these articles as a PDF in your goggle search engine just copy and paste the following: Week 1: Origins of American International Relations -G. Stanley Hall. 1910. "The Point of View toward Primitive Races." The Journal of Race Development 1 (1): 5-11. -Ellsworth Huntington. 1914. "The Adaptability of the White Man to Tropical America." The Journal of Race Development 5 (2): 185-211. -W. E. Burghardt Du Bois. 1917. "Of the Culture of White Folk." The Journal of Race Development 7 (4): 434-447. -Mackinder, H. J. 1904. "The Geographical Pivot of History." The Geographical Journal, 23(4): 421- 437. -J. David Singer. 1961. "The Levels-of-Analysis Problem in International Relations." World Politics 14: 77-92. -Paul C. Avey and Michael C. Desch, "What Do Policymakers Want From Us? Results of a Survey of Current and Former Senior National Security Decision Makers." International Studies Quarterly 58 (2): 227-246. Week 2: Classic Realist Theory -Thucydides: The Melian Dialogue -E.H. Carr, The Twenty Years Crisis ( TBD, available via Canvas) -Hans J. Morgenthau. 1978. Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, Fifth Edition, Revised: 4-15. Can be accessed here: -Michael Williams .2004. "Why Ideas Matter in IR: Morgenthau, Classical Realism, and the Moral Construction of Power Politics." International Organization 58(4): 633-665. IR in Practice -Chris Brown. 2012. "The Practice Turn, Phronesis and Classical Realism: Towards a Phronetic International Political Theory?" Millennium 40(3): 439-456. Week 3: Neo-Realism (Anarchy) -Neo-Realism and its Critics, chapters 1-5 -Walt, Stephen. 1985. "Alliance Formation and the Balance of Power." International Security 9(4): 3-43. -Waltz, Kenneth. 2012. "Why Iran Should Get the Bomb." Foreign Affairs 91(4): 2-5. Week 4: Neo-Realism and its (reluctant) Critics -Neo-Realism and its Critics, chapter 6, 7 & 9-11 -Andrew Morvacsik and Jeffrey Legro. 1999. "Is Anybody Still a Realist?" International Security 24 (2): 5-55. -Helen V. Milner. 1991. “The Assumption of Anarchy in International Relations Theory: A Critique.” Review of International Studies 17(1): 67-85. -Walt, Stephen M. 2018. "The World Wants you to Think Like a Realist." Foreign Policy, May 30. Week 5: Liberalism: International Institutions -Robert Axelrod and Robert Keohane. 1985. "Achieving Cooperation under Anarchy: Strategies and Institutions." World Politics 38 (1): 226-254. -James Fearon. 1998. "Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation." International Organization 52 (2): 269- 305. -Judith Kelley. 2007. “Who Keeps International Commitments and Why? The International Criminal Court and Bilateral Nonsurrender Agreements.” American Political Science Review, 101 (3): 573-589. -Beth A. Simmons, Frank Dobbin, and Geoffrey Garrett. 2006. “Introduction: The International Diffusion of Liberalism.” International Organization 60 (4): 781-810. -Allison, Graham. 2018. "The Myth of the Liberal Order: From Historical Accident to Conventional Wisdom." Foreign Affairs 97 (4): 124-133 Week 6: Liberalism: Democratic and Capitalist Peace Theory -G. John Ikenberry. 2001. "American Power and the Empire of Capitalist Democracy." Review of International Studies 27(5): 191-212. -Erik Gartzke. 2007. The Capitalist Peace. American Journal of Political Science 51(1): 166-191. -Christopher Layne. 1994. "Kant or Cant: The Myth of the Democratic Peace." International Security 19(2): 5-49. -John MacMillan. 2012. "Hollow Promises? Critical Materialism and the Contradictions of the Democratic Peace." International Theory 4(3): 331-366. -Michael Mann. 1999. "The Darkside of Democracy: The Modern Tradition of Ethnic and Political Cleansing." New Left Review 235 (May-June): 18-46. Week 7: Constructivism -Alexander Wendt. 1992. "Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics." International Organization 46(2): 391-425. -John Ruggie. 1998. "What Makes the World Hang Together? Neo-utlitarianism and the Social Constructivist Challenge." International Organization 52(4): 855-85. -David A. Lake. 2007. “Escape from the State of Nature: Authority and Hierarchy in World Politics.” International Security 32 (1): 47-79. Week 8: Marxism and Critical Theory -Robert Cox. 1981 “Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory.” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 10: 126-155. (Neoliberalism and its Critics, Chapter 8) -Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. "The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System." Comparative Studies in Society and History 16(4): 387-415. -Frank, Andre Gunder. 1966. "The Development of Underdevelopment." Monthly Review 18(4): 17-31. -Mann, Michael. 2004. "The First Failed Empire of the 21st Century." Review of International Studies 30 (4): 631-653. Week 9: Domestic Politics -Bruce Buena de Mesquita, James D. Morrow, Randolph M. Siverson, and Alastair Smith. 1999. “An Institutional Explanation of the Democratic Peace.” American Political Science Review 93 (4):791-807. -James D. Fearon. 1994. “Domestic PoliticalAudiences and the Escalation of International Disputes.” American Political Science Review 88(3): 577-592. -Jessica L. Weeks. 2012. “Strongmen and Straw Men: Authoritarian Regimes and the Initiation of International Conflict.” American Political Science Review 106(2): 326-347. Week 10: Rationalist Theories -James Fearon. 1995. “Rationalist Explanations for War.” International Organization 49(3): 379-414. -Robert Powell. 2006. “War as a Commitment Problem.” International Organization 60(1): 169-203. -Chaim D. Kaufman and Robert A. Pape. 1999. “Explaining Costly International MoralAction.” International Organization 53(4): 631-668. -Stephen Walt. 1999. “Rigor or Rigor Mortis? Rational Choice and Security Studies.” International Security 23 (4): 5-48. Week 11: Gender -Rachel Vogelstein, Rachel. 2018. "Let Women Work: The Economic Case for Feminism." Foreign Affairs 97: 118-124. -Nicola Pratt. 2007. “The Queen Boat Case in Egypt: Sexuality, National Security and State Sovereignty.” Review of International Studies 33 (1): 129-144. -Charli Carpenter. 2003. “‘Women and Children First’: Gender, Norms, and Humanitarian Evacuation in the Balkans 1991-95.” International Organization 57(4): 661-94. -Deborah Jordan Brooks and Benjamin A. Valentino. 2011. “A War of One’s Own: Understanding the Gender Gap in Support for War.” Public Opinion Quarterly 75(2): 270-286. Week 12: Transnationalism and Networks -Anne-Marie Slaughter. 2009. "Power in the Networked Century." Foreign Affairs 88(1): 94-113. -Emilie M. Hafner-Burton, Miles Kahler, and Alexander H. Montgomery. 2009. “Network Analysis for International Relations.” International Organization 63(3): 559-592. -R. Charli Carpenter 2011. “Vetting the Advocacy Agenda: Network Centrality and the Paradox of Weapons Norms.” International Organization 65(1): 69-102. Week 13: Transnational Political Violence -James D. Fearon and David D. Laitin. 2003. “Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War.” American Political Science Review 97 (1): 75-90 -Robert Pape. 2003. “The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism.” American Political Science Review 97 (3): 343-361. -Andrew H. Kydd and Barbara F. Walter. 2006. “The Strategies of Terrorism.” International Security 31 (1): 49-80. -Idean Salehyan, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, and David E. Cunningham. 2011. “Explaining External Support for Insurgent Groups.” International Organization 65(4): 709-744. Week 14: Race and other Theoretical Issues -Robert Vitalis. 2000. “The Graceful and Generous Liberal Gesture: Making Racism Invisible in American International Relations.” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 29(2): 331–356. -Errol Henderson. 2013. “Hidden in Plain Sight: Racism in International Relations Theory.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 26 (1): 71-92. -David A. Lake. 2016. “White Man’s IR: An Intellectual Confession.” Perspectives on Politics 14(1): 1- 11. Week 15: Individual IR Theory -Geoffrey P.R. Wallace. 2013. “International Law and Public Attitudes Toward Torture:An Experimental Study.” International Organization 67(1): 105-140. -Michael C. Horowitz and Allan C. Stam. 2014. “How Prior Military Experience Influences the Future Militarized Behavior of Leaders.” International Organization 68(3): 527-559. -Megumi Naoi and Ikuo Kume. 2011. “Explaining Mass Support for Agricultural Protectionism: Evidence from a Survey Experiment During the Global Recession.” International Organization 6(4): 771-795.

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