Analyze and expand on both questions through an analytical assessment of the literature attatched. Each answer should be minimum of 5-6 pages Double Spaced, One inch margins Size 12 Font Citation: Use In text citation as well as a citation page in Chicago format Example of in text citation: (Sabatier 2000,1999, 15-17) when using a direct quote. 1- Question One: Discuss the literature on policy implementation and emphasize the existing approaches to study policy/program implementation, their weaknesses and strengthens. Moreover, consider how the concepts of outputs and outcomes are relevant to the implementation literature. Are there advantages in focusing on one concept versus the other? How does policy design relate to policy implementation? Then select an area of pubhc policy ( education, transportation, health, welfare, finance, etc.), and within this policy area focus on a particular policy/program. For example, if you choose education policy, then you can select No Child Left Behind as the program to be assessed. Then assess the implementation of this particular program/policy by applying both the top-down and bottom-up approaches. In doing so, be specific by providing details and make sure you present the distinction between the program outputs and outcomes. Finally, based on the nature of the program, which approach (top-down or bottom-up) do you think would be more appropriate to assess the implementation of the program/ policy you selected? 2- Question Two: Although institutions tend to change more slowly and less often than other factors, there are many reasons to believe that institutions affect public policy. However, there are different interpretations on the way institutions influence public policy. Based on the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework, provide an essay in which you explain how institutions affect policy making. Make sure to define institutions and explain under which conditions self-governing institutions are valid options for addressing common pool problems.