STUDY QUESTIONS Please answer all of the following questions. 1. What are the so
STUDY QUESTIONS Please answer all of the following questions. 1. What are the so-called speculative and practical innate ideas, and what is Locke’s main argument against them? 2. Explain Locke’s distinction between ideas of sensation and ideas of reflection. 3. Explain Locke’s view of simple ideas, complex ideas, and the three mental processes involved in forming complex ideas. 4. Explain Locke’s distinction between primary, secondary and tertiary qualities. 5. Explain Locke’s view of the state of nature, the fundamental law of nature, and the justification of revolution. 6. Explain Berkeley’s idealism and God’s role as the source of perceptions. 7. Explain Berkeley’s arguments for idealism from primary/secondary qualities and simplicity. 8. Explain Berkeley’s two solutions to the problem of God and evil. 9. Explain Hume’s view of the origin of ideas and the test for meaning. 10. Explain Hume’s three principles of the association of ideas. 11. What is the traditional notion of the self, and what is Hume’s criticism of it? 12. What is the traditional notion of necessary connection, and what is Hume’s alternative explanation? 13. What is Hume’s main argument against miracles and his four additional arguments against miracles. 14. Explain Hume’s view about emotion and moral judgment, and his view that “ought cannot be derived from is”. 15. Explain Hume’s view of radical skepticism and natural belief. [Reading 1: Locke against Innate Ideas] 16. What is Locke’s criticism of the argument for innate ideas from universal consent? 17. What is Locke’s criticism of the view that reason discovers innate ideas? [Reading 2: Berkeley against Material Objects] 18. Explain Berkeley’s criticism of primary qualities of three-dimensional extension in material objects. 19. Explain Berkeley’s criticism of the view that God created matter as an instrument to cause perception of external objects within humans. [Reading 3: Hume against a Continuous Self] 20. Explain Hume’s reasoning for his view that personal identity is only a bundle of fleeting similar information at philosphy 110 empiricism

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